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Thread: 24 Accounting Standard 24 Discontinuing Operations - AS 24

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    Default 24 Accounting Standard 24 Discontinuing Operations - AS 24

    Accounting Standard (AS) 24
    (issued 2002)
    Discontinuing Operations

    (This Accounting Standard includes paragraphs set in bold italic type and plain type, which have equal authority. Paragraphs in bold italic type indicate the main principles. This Accounting Standard should be
    read in the context of its objective and the Preface to the Statements of Accounting Standards.)




    Accounting Standard (AS) 24,

    ‘Discontinuing Operations’, issued by the Council of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, comes into effect in respect of accounting periods commencing on or after 1.4.2004. This Standard ismandatory in nature2 in respectof accountingperiods commencing on or after 1-4-20043 for the enterprises which fall in any one or more of the following categories, at any time during the accounting period:

    (i) Enterprises whose equity or debt securities are listed whether in India or outside India.

    (ii) Enterprises which are in the process of listing their equity or debt securities as evidenced by the board of directors
    resolution in this regard.

    (iii) Banks including co-operative banks.

    (iv) Financial institutions.

    (v) Enterprises carrying on insurance business.

    (vi) All commercial, industrial and business reporting enterprises, whose turnover for the immediately preceding accounting period on the basis of audited financial statements exceeds Rs. 50 crore. Turnover does not include
    ‘other income’.

    (vii) All commercial, industrial and business reporting enterprises having borrowings, including public deposits, in excess ofRs. 10 crore at any time during the accounting period.

    (viii) Holding and subsidiary enterprises of any one of the above at any time during the accounting period.
    Earlier application is encouraged. The enterprises which do not fall in any of the above categories are not
    required to apply this Standard. Where an enterprise has been covered in any one or more of the above
    categories and subsequently, ceases to be so covered, the enterprise will not qualify for exemption from application of this Standard, until the enterprise ceases to be covered in any of the above categories for two consecutive
    years. Where an enterprise has previously qualified for exemption fromapplication of this Standard (being not covered by any of the above categories) but no longer qualifies for exemption in the current accounting period, this Standard becomes applicable from the current period. However, the corresponding previous period figures need not be disclosed. An enterprise, which, pursuant to the above provisions, does not present the information relating to the discontinuing operations, should disclose the fact. The following is the text of the Accounting Standard.

    Last edited by Accounting Standards; 12-08-2010 at 03:24 PM.

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    Default ANNOUNCEMENT Accounting Standard (AS) 24, Discontinuing Operations

    ANNOUNCEMENT

    Accounting Standard (AS) 24, Discontinuing Operations


    Accounting Standard (AS) 24, Discontinuing Operations, was issued in February 2002 as a recommendatory Accounting Standard. The Council, at its 224th meeting, held on March 8-10, 2002, decided that AS 24 would be mandatory in nature in respect of accounting periods commencing on or after 1-4-2004 for the following:


    Enterprises whose equity or debt securities are listed on a recognised stock exchange in India, and enterprises that are in the process of issuing equity or debt securities that will be listed on a recognised stock exchange in India as evidenced by the board of directors' resolution in this regard.
    All other commercial, industrial and business reporting enterprises, whose turnover for the accounting period exceeds Rs. 50 crores.
    In respect of all other enterprises, the Accounting Standard would be mandatory in nature in respect of accounting periods commencing on or after 1-4-2005. Earlier application of the accounting standard would be encouraged.

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    Default Objective of Accounting Standard (AS) 24 Discontinuing Operations

    Objective of Accounting Standard (AS) 24 Discontinuing Operations


    The objective of this Statement is to establish principles for reporting information about discontinuing operations, thereby enhancing the ability of users of financial statements to make projections of an enterprise's cash flows, earnings-generating capacity, and financial position by segregating information about discontinuingoperations frominformation aboutcontinuing operations.

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    Default Scope of Accounting Standard (AS) 24 Discontinuing Operations

    Scope of Accounting Standard (AS) 24 Discontinuing Operations

    1. This Statement applies to all discontinuing operations of an enterprise.

    2. The requirements related to cash flow statement contained in this Statement are applicable where an enterprise prepares and presents a cash flow statement.

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    Default Definitions of Discontinuing Operation of Accounting Standard (AS) 24 Discontinuing Operations

    Definitions of Discontinuing Operation of Accounting Standard (AS) 24 Discontinuing Operations


    3. A discontinuing operation is a component of an enterprise:

    (a) that the enterprise, pursuant to a single plan, is:

    (i) disposing of substantially in its entirety, such as by selling the component in a single transaction or by demerger or spin-off of ownership of the component to the enterprise's shareholders; or

    (ii) disposing of piecemeal, such as by selling off the component's assets and settling its liabilities individually; or

    (iii) terminating through abandonment; and


    (b) that represents a separate major line of business or geographical area of operations; and

    (c) that can be distinguished operationally and for financial reporting purposes.


    4. Under criterion (a) of the definition (paragraph 3 (a)), a discontinuing operation may be disposed of in its entirety or piecemeal, but always pursuant to an overall plan to discontinue the entire component.

    5. If an enterprise sells a component substantially in its entirety, the result can be a net gain or net loss. For such a discontinuance, a binding sale agreement is entered into on a specific date, although the actual transfer of possession and control of the discontinuing operation may occur at a later date. Also, payments to the seller may occur at the time of the agreement, at the time of the transfer, or over an extended future period.

    6. Instead of disposing of a component substantially in its entirety, an enterprise may discontinue and dispose of the component by selling its assets and settling its liabilities piecemeal (individually or in small groups). For piecemeal disposals, while the overall result may be a net gain or a net loss, the sale of an individual asset or settlement of an individual liability may have the opposite effect. Moreover, there is no specific date at which an overall binding sale agreement is entered into. Rather, the sales of assets and settlements of liabilities may occur over a period of months or perhaps even longer. Thus, disposal of a component may be in progress at the end of a financial reporting period. To qualify as a discontinuing operation, the disposal must be pursuant to a single coordinated plan.

    7. An enterprise may terminate an operation by abandonment without substantial sales of assets. An abandoned operation would be a discontinuing operation if it satisfies the criteria in the definition. However, changing the scope of an operation or the manner in which it is conducted is not an abandonment because that operation, although changed, is continuing.

    8. Business enterprises frequently close facilities, abandon products or even product lines, and change the size of their work force in response to market forces. While those kinds of terminations generally are not, in themselves, discontinuing operations as that term is defined in paragraph 3 of this Statement, they can occur in connection with a discontinuing operation.


    9. Examples of activities that do not necessarily satisfy criterion (a) of paragraph 3, but that might do so in combination with other circumstances, include:

    (a) gradual or evolutionary phasing out of a product line or class of service;

    (b) discontinuing, even if relatively abruptly, several products within an ongoing line of business;

    (c) shifting of some production or marketing activities for a particular line of business from one location to another; and

    (d) closing of a facility to achieve productivity improvements or other cost savings.

    An example in relation to consolidated financial statements is selling a subsidiary whose activities are similar to those of the parent or other subsidiaries.

    10. A reportable business segment or geographical segment as defined in Accounting Standard (AS) 17, Segment Reporting, would normally satisfy criterion (b) of the definition of a discontinuing operation (paragraph 3), that is, it would represent a separate major line of business or geographical area of operations. A part of such a segment may also satisfy criterion (b) of the definition. For an enterprise that operates in a single business or geographical segment and therefore does not report
    segment information, a major product or service line may also satisfy the criteria of the definition.

    11. A component can be distinguished operationally and for financial reporting purposes - criterion (c) of the definition of a discontinuing operation (paragraph 3) - if all the following conditions are met:

    (a) the operating assets and liabilities of the component can be directly attributed to it;

    (b) its revenue can be directly attributed to it;

    (c) at least a majority of its operating expenses can be directly attributed to it.


    12. Assets, liabilities, revenue, and expenses are directly attributable to a component if they would be eliminated when the component is sold, abandoned or otherwise disposed of. If debt is attributable to a component, the related interest and other financing costs are similarly attributed to it.

    13. Discontinuing operations, as defined in this Statement, are expected to occur relatively infrequently. All infrequently occurring events do not necessarily qualify as discontinuing operations. Infrequently occurring events that do not qualify as discontinuing operations may result in items
    of income or expense that require separate disclosure pursuant to Accounting Standard (AS) 5, Net Profit or Loss for the Period, Prior Period Items and Changes in Accounting Policies, because their size, nature, or incidence make them relevant to explain the performance of the enterprise for the period.

    14. The fact that a disposal of a component of an enterprise is classified as a discontinuing operation under this Statement does not, in itself, bring into question the enterprise's ability to continue as a going concern.

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    Default Initial Disclosure Event of Accounting Standard (AS) 24 Discontinuing Operations

    Initial Disclosure Event of Accounting Standard (AS) 24 Discontinuing Operations



    15. With respect to a discontinuing operation, the initial disclosure event is the occurrence of one of the following, whichever occurs earlier:

    (a) the enterprise has entered into a binding sale agreement for substantially all of the assets attributable to the discontinuing operation; or

    (b) the enterprise's board of directors or similar governing body has both (i) approved a detailed, formal plan for the discontinuance and (ii) made an announcement of the plan.


    16. A detailed, formal plan for the discontinuance normally includes:

    (a) identification of the major assets to be disposed of;
    (b) the expected method of disposal;
    (c) the period expected to be required for completion of the disposal;
    (d) the principal locations affected;
    (e) the location, function, and approximate number of employees who will be compensated for terminating their services; and
    (f) the estimated proceeds or salvage to be realised by disposal.


    17. An enterprise's board of directors or similar governing body is considered to have made the announcement of a detailed, formal plan for discontinuance, if it has announced the main features of the plan to those affected by it, such as, lenders, stock exchanges, creditors, trade unions, etc., in a sufficiently specific manner so as to make the enterprise demonstrably committed to the discontinuance.

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    Default Recognition and Measurement of Accounting Standard (AS) 24 Discontinuing Operations

    Recognition and Measurement of Accounting Standard (AS) 24 Discontinuing Operations

    18. An enterprise should apply the principles of recognition and measurement that are set out in other Accounting Standards for the purpose of deciding as to when and how to recognise and measure the changes in assets and liabilities and the revenue, expenses, gains, losses and cash flows relating to a discontinuing operation.


    19. This Statement does not establish any recognition and measurement principles. Rather, it requires that an enterprise follow recognition and measurement principles established in other Accounting Standards, e.g., Accounting Standard (AS) 4, Contingencies and Events Occurring After
    the Balance Sheet Date4 and Accounting Standard on Impairment of Assets.

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    Default Presentation and Disclosure Initial Disclosure of Accounting Standard (AS) 24 Discontinuing Operations

    Presentation and Disclosure Initial Disclosure of Accounting Standard (AS) 24 Discontinuing Operations


    20. An enterprise should include the following information relating to a discontinuing operation in its financial statements beginning with the financial statements for the period in which the initial disclosure event (as defined in paragraph 15) occurs:


    (a) a description of the discontinuing operation(s);
    (b) the business or geographical segment(s) in which it is reported as per AS 17, Segment Reporting;
    (c) the date and nature of the initial disclosure event;
    (d) the date or period in which the discontinuance is expected to be completed if known or determinable;
    (e) the carrying amounts, as of the balance sheet date, of the total assets to be disposed of and the total liabilities to be settled;
    (f) the amounts of revenue and expenses in respect of the ordinary activities attributable to the discontinuing operation during the current financial reporting period;
    (g) the amount of pre-tax profit or loss from ordinary activities attributable to the discontinuing operation during the current financial reporting period, and the income tax expense6 related thereto; and
    (h) the amounts of net cash flows attributable to the operating, investing, and financing activities of the discontinuing operation during the current financial reporting period.



    21. For the purpose of presentation and disclosures required by this Statement, the items of assets, liabilities, revenues, expenses, gains, losses, and cash flows can be attributed to a discontinuing operation only if they will be disposed of, settled, reduced, or eliminated when the discontinuance is completed. To the extent that such items continue after completion of the discontinuance, they are not allocated to the discontinuing operation. For example, salary of the continuing staff of a discontinuing operation.

    22. If an initial disclosure event occurs between the balance sheet date and the date on which the financial statements for that period are approved by the board of directors in the case of a company or by the corresponding approving authority in the case of any other enterprise, disclosures as required by Accounting Standard (AS) 4, Contingencies and Events Occurring After the Balance Sheet Date, are made.

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    Default Other Disclosures of Accounting Standard (AS) 24 Discontinuing Operations

    Other Disclosures of Accounting Standard (AS) 24 Discontinuing Operations


    23. When an enterprise disposes of assets or settles liabilities attributable to a discontinuing operation or enters into binding agreements for the sale of such assets or the settlement of such
    liabilities, it should include, in its financial statements, the following information when the events occur:

    (a) for any gain or loss that is recognised on the disposal of assets or settlement of liabilities attributable to the discontinuing operation,

    (i) the amount of the pre-tax gain or loss and

    (ii) income tax expense relating to the gain or loss; and

    (b) the net selling price or range of prices (which is after deducting expected disposal costs) of those net assets for which the enterprise has entered into one or more binding sale agreements, the expected timing of receipt of those cash flows and the carrying amount of those net assets on
    the balance sheet date.

    24. The asset disposals, liability settlements, and binding sale agreements referred to in the preceding paragraph may occur concurrently with the initial disclosure event, or in the period in which the initial disclosure event occurs, or in a later period.


    25. If some of the assets attributable to a discontinuing operation have actually been sold or are the subject of one or more binding sale agreements entered into between the balance sheet date and the date on which the financial statements are approved by the board of directors in case of a company or by the corresponding approving authority in the case of any other enterprise, the disclosures required by Accounting Standard (AS) 4, Contingencies and Events Occurring After the Balance Sheet Date, are made.

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    Default Updating the Disclosures of Accounting Standard (AS) 24 Discontinuing Operations

    Updating the Disclosures


    26. In addition to the disclosures in paragraphs 20 and 23, an enterprise should include, in its financial statements, for periods subsequent to the one in which the initial disclosure event occurs, a
    description of any significant changes in the amount or timing of cash flows relating to the assets to be disposed or liabilities to be settled and the events causing those changes.


    27. Examples of events and activities that would be disclosed include the nature and terms of binding sale agreements for the assets, a demerger or spin-off by issuing equity shares of the new company to the enterprise's shareholders, and legal or regulatory approvals.

    28. The disclosures required by paragraphs 20, 23 and 26 should continue in financial statements for periods up to and including the period in which the discontinuance is completed. A discontinuance is
    completed when the plan is substantially completed or abandoned, though full payments from the buyer(s) may not yet have been received.


    29. If an enterprise abandons or withdraws from a plan that was previously reported as a discontinuing operation, that fact, reasons therefor and its effect should be disclosed.

    30. For the purpose of applying paragraph 29, disclosure of the effect includes reversal of any prior impairment loss7 or provision that was recognised with respect to the discontinuing operation.

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