Introduction of Accounting Standard 9 - Revenue Recognition - AS 9
1. This Statement deals with the bases for recognition of revenue in the statement of profit and loss of an enterprise. The Statement is concerned with the recognition of revenue arising in the course of the ordinary activities of the enterprise from
— the sale of goods,
— the rendering of services, and
— the use by others of enterprise resources yielding interest, royalties and dividends.
2. This Statement does not deal with the following aspects of revenue recognition to which special considerations apply:
(i) Revenue arising from construction contracts;
(ii) Revenue arising from hire-purchase, lease agreements;
(iii) Revenue arising from government grants and other similar subsidies;
(iv) Revenue of insurance companies arising frominsurance contracts.
3. Examples of items not included within the definition of “revenue” for the purpose of this Statement are:
(i) Realised gains resulting fromthe disposal of, and unrealised gains resulting fromthe holding of, non-current assets e.g. appreciation in the value of fixed assets;
(ii) Unrealised holding gains resulting from the change in value of current assets, and the natural increases in herds and agricultural and forest products;
(iii) Realised or unrealised gains resulting from changes in foreign exchange rates and adjustments arising on the translation of foreign currency financial statements;
(iv) Realised gains resulting from the discharge of an obligation at less than its carrying amount;
(v) Unrealised gains resulting from the restatement of the carrying amount of an obligation.