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Thread: 14 Accounting Standard 14 -Accounting for Amalgamation - AS 14

  1. #11
    Accounting Standards
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    Default Disclosure of Accounting Standards 14 - Accounting for amalgamation - AS 14

    Disclosure of Accounting Standards 14 - Accounting for amalgamation - AS 14


    24. For all amalgamations, the following disclosures are considered appropriate in the first financial statements following the amalgamation:

    (a) names and general nature of business of the amalgamating companies;

    (b) effective date of amalgamation for accounting purposes;

    (c) the method of accounting used to reflect the amalgamation; and

    (d) particulars of the scheme sanctioned under a statute.


    25. For amalgamations accounted for under the pooling of interests method, the following additional disclosures are considered appropriate in the first financial statements following the amalgamation:

    (a) description and number of shares issued, together with the percentage of each company’s equity shares exchanged to effect the amalgamation;


    (b) the amount of any difference between the consideration and the value of net identifiable assets acquired, and the treatment thereof.


    26. For amalgamations accounted for under the purchase method, the following additional disclosures are considered appropriate in the first financial statements following the amalgamation:
    (a) consideration for the amalgamation and a description of the consideration paid or contingently payable; and

    (b) the amount of any difference between the consideration and the value of net identifiable assets acquired, and the treatment thereof including the period of amortisation of any goodwill arising
    on amalgamation.

  2. #12
    Accounting Standards
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    Default Amalgamation after the Balance Sheet Date of Accounting Standard 14 -Accounting for Amalgamation - AS 14

    Amalgamation after the Balance Sheet Date of Accounting Standard 14 -Accounting for Amalgamation - AS 14


    27. When an amalgamation is effected after the balance sheet date but before the issuance of the financial statements of either party to the amalgamation, disclosure is made in accordance with AS 4, ‘Contingencies and Events Occurring After the Balance Sheet Date’, but the amalgamation is not incorporated in the financial statements. In certain circumstances, the amalgamationmay also provide additional information affecting the financial statements themselves, for instance, by allowing the going concern assumption to be maintained.

  3. #13
    Accounting Standards
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    Default Accounting Standard 14 -Accounting for Amalgamation - AS 14

    Accounting Standard


    28. An amalgamation may be either –

    (a) an amalgamation in the nature of merger, or

    (b) an amalgamation in the nature of purchase.


    29. An amalgamation should be considered to be an amalgamation in the nature of merger when all the following conditions are satisfied:


    (i) All the assets and liabilities of the transferor company become, after amalgamation, the assets and liabilities of the transferee company.


    (ii) Shareholders holding not less than 90% of the face value of the equity shares of the transferor company (other than the equity shares already held therein, immediately before the amalgamation, by the transferee company or its subsidiaries or their nominees) become equity shareholders of the
    transferee company by virtue of the amalgamation.


    (iii) The consideration for the amalgamation receivable by those equity shareholders of the transferor company who agree to become equity shareholders of the transferee company is
    discharged by the transferee company wholly by the issue of equity shares in the transferee company, except that cash may be paid in respect of any fractional shares.

    (iv) The business of the transferor company is intended to be carried on, after the amalgamation, by the transferee company.


    (v) No adjustment is intended to be made to the book values of the assets and liabilities of the transferor company when they are incorporated in the financial statements of the transferee
    company except to ensure uniformity of accounting policies.


    30. An amalgamation should be considered to be an amalgamation in the nature of purchase, when any one or more of the conditions specified in paragraph 29 is not satisfied.

    31. When an amalgamation is considered to be an amalgamation in the nature of merger, it should be accounted for under the pooling of interests method described in paragraphs 33–35.

    32. When an amalgamation is considered to be an amalgamation in the nature of purchase, it should be accounted for under the purchase method described in paragraphs 36–39.

  4. #14
    Accounting Standards
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    Default The Pooling of Interests Method of Accounting Standard 14 -Accounting for Amalgamation - AS 14

    The Pooling of Interests Method of Accounting Standard 14 -Accounting for Amalgamation - AS 14


    33. In preparing the transferee company’s financial statements, the assets, liabilities and reserves (whether capital or revenue or arising on revaluation) of the transferor company should be recorded at their existing carrying amounts and in the same form as at the date of the amalgamation. The balance of the Profit and Loss Account of the transferor company should be aggregated with the corresponding balance of the transferee company or transferred to the General Reserve, if any.


    34. If, at the time of the amalgamation, the transferor and the transferee companies have conflicting accounting policies, a uniform set of accounting policies should be adopted following the
    amalgamation. The effects on the financial statements of any changes in accounting policies should be reported in accordance with Accounting Standard (AS) 5 ‘Prior Period and Extraordinary Items
    and Changes in Accounting Policies’.


    35. The difference between the amount recorded as share capital issued (plus any additional consideration in the form of cash or other assets) and the amount of share capital of the transferor company should be adjusted in reserves.

  5. #15
    Accounting Standards
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    Default The Purchase Method of Accounting Standard 14 -Accounting for Amalgamation - AS 14

    The Purchase Method of Accounting Standard 14 -Accounting for Amalgamation - AS 14


    36. In preparing the transferee company’s financial statements, the assets and liabilities of the transferor company should be incorporated at their existing carrying amounts or, alternatively, the consideration should be allocated to individual identifiable assets and liabilities on the basis of their fair values at the date of amalgamation. The reserves (whether capital or revenue or arising on revaluation) of the transferor company, other than the statutory reserves, should not be included in
    the financial statements of the transferee company except as stated in paragraph 39.


    37. Any excess of the amount of the consideration over the value of the net assets of the transferor company acquired by the transferee company should be recognised in the transferee company’s financial statements as goodwill arising on amalgamation. If the amount of the consideration is lower than the value of the net assets acquired, the difference should be treated as Capital Reserve.

    38. The goodwill arising on amalgamation should be amortised to income on a systematic basis over its useful life. The amortisation period should not exceed five years unless a somewhat longer period
    can be justified.


    39. Where the requirements of the relevant statute for recording the statutory reserves in the books of the transferee company are complied with, statutory reserves of the transferor company should be recorded in the financial statements of the transferee company. The corresponding debit should be given to a suitable account head (e.g., ‘Amalgamation Adjustment Account’) which should be disclosed as a part of ‘miscellaneous expenditure’ or other similar category in the balance sheet. When the identity of the statutory reserves is no longer required to be maintained, both the reserves and the aforesaid account should be reversed.

  6. #16
    Accounting Standards
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    Default Common Procedures of Amalgamation of Accounting Standard 14 - AS 14

    Common Procedures


    40. The consideration for the amalgamation should include any noncash element at fair value. In case of issue of securities, the value fixed by the statutory authorities may be taken to be the fair value. In case of other assets, the fair value may be determined by reference to the market value of the assets given up. Where the market value of the assets given up cannot be reliably assessed, such assets may be valued at their respective net book values.


    41. Where the scheme of amalgamation provides for an adjustment to the consideration contingent on one or more future events, the amount of the additional payment should be included in the consideration if payment is probable and a reasonable estimate of the amount can be made. In all other cases, the adjustment should be recognised as soon as the amount is determinable [see Accounting Standard (AS) 4, Contingencies and Events Occurring After the Balance Sheet Date].

  7. #17
    Accounting Standards
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    Default Treatment of Reserves Specified in A Scheme of Amalgamation of Accounting Standard 14 -Accounting for Amalgamation - AS 14

    Treatment of Reserves Specified in A Scheme of Amalgamation of Accounting Standard 14 -Accounting for Amalgamation - AS 14


    42. Where the scheme of amalgamation sanctioned under a statute prescribes the treatment to be given to the reserves of the transferor company after amalgamation, the same should be followed. Where the scheme of amalgamation sanctioned under a statute prescribes a different treatment to be given to the reserves of the transferor company after amalgamation as compared to the requirements of this Statement that would have been followed had no treatment been prescribed by the scheme, the following disclosures should be made in the first financial statements following the amalgamation:


    (a) A description of the accounting treatment given to tbe reserves and the reasons for following the treatment different from that prescribed in this Statement.

    (b) Deviations in the accounting treatment given to the reserves as prescribed by the scheme of amalgamation sanctioned under the statute as compared to the requirements of this Statement that would have been followed had no treatment been prescribed by the scheme.

    (c) The financial effect, if any, arising due to such deviation.

  8. #18
    Accounting Standards
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    Default Disclosure of Accounting Standard 14 -Accounting for Amalgamation - AS 14

    Disclosure of Accounting Standard 14 -Accounting for Amalgamation - AS 14


    43. For all amalgamations, the following disclosures should be made in the first financial statements following the amalgamation:


    (a) names and general nature of business of the amalgamating companies;

    (b) effective date of amalgamation for accounting purposes;

    (c) the method of accounting used to reflect the amalgamation; and

    (d) particulars of the scheme sanctioned under a statute.


    44. For amalgamations accounted for under the pooling of interests method, the following additional disclosures should be made in the first financial statements following the amalgamation:

    (a) description and number of shares issued, together with the percentage of each company’s equity shares exchanged to effect the amalgamation;


    (b) the amount of any difference between the consideration and the value of net identifiable assets acquired, and the treatment thereof.


    45. For amalgamations accounted for under the purchase method, the following additional disclosures should be made in the first financial statements following the amalgamation:


    (a) consideration for the amalgamation and a description of the consideration paid or contingently payable; and

    (b) the amount of any difference between the consideration and the value of net identifiable assets acquired, and the treatment thereof including the period of amortisation of any goodwill arising on amalgamation.

  9. #19
    Accounting Standards
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    Default Amalgamation after the Balance Sheet Date of Accounting Standard 14 -Accounting for Amalgamation - AS 14

    Amalgamation after the Balance Sheet Date of Accounting Standard 14 -Accounting for Amalgamation - AS 14


    46. When an amalgamation is effected after the balance sheet date but before the issuance of the financial statements of either party to the amalgamation, disclosure should be made in accordance with AS 4, ‘Contingencies and Events Occurring After the Balance Sheet Date’, but the amalgamation should not be incorporated in the financial statements. In certain circumstances, the amalgamation may also provide additional information affecting the financial statements themselves, for instance, by allowing the going concern assumption to be maintained.

  10. #20
    Accounting Standards
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    Default Limited Revisions of Accounting Standard 14 -Accounting for Amalgamation - AS 14

    Limited Revisions to AS 14 of Accounting Standard 14 -Accounting for Amalgamation - AS 14


    The Council of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India has decided to make the following limited revisions to Accounting Standard (AS) 14, Accounting for Amalgamations.

    It has been decided to substitute paragraph 42 of AS 14 by the following paragraph (modifications made are shown as underlined):

    "42. Where the scheme of amalgamation sanctioned under a statute prescribes the treatment to be given to the reserves of the transferor company after amalgamation, the same should be followed. Where the scheme of amalgamation sanctioned under a statute prescribes a different treatment to be given to the reserves of the transferor company after amalgamation as compared to the requirements of this Statement that would have been followed had no treatment been prescribed by the scheme, the following disclosures should be made in the first financial statements following the amalgamation:

    (a) A description of the accounting treatment given to the reserves and the reasons for following the treatment different from that prescribed in this Statement.

    (b) Deviations in the accounting treatment given to the reserves as prescribed by the scheme of amalgamation sanctioned under the statute as compared to the requirements of this Statement that would have been followed had no treatment been prescribed by the scheme.


    (c) The financial effect, if any, arising due to such deviation."

    As a consequence of the change in the above paragraph, paragraph 23 of AS 14, which is the explanatory paragraph to paragraph 42, has been decided to be substituted by the following paragraph (modifications made are shown as underlined):

    "23. The scheme of amalgamation sanctioned under the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 or any other statute may prescribe the treatment to be given to the reserves of the transferor company after its amalgamation. Where the treatment is so prescribed, the same is followed. In some cases, the scheme of amalgamation sanctioned under a statute may prescribe a different treatment to be given to the reserves of the transferor company after amalgamation as compared to the requirements of this Statement that would have been followed had no treatment been prescribed by the scheme. In such cases, the following disclosures are made in the first financial statements following the amalgamation:


    (a) A description of the accounting treatment given to the reserves and the reasons for following the treatment different from that prescribed in this Statement.

    (b) Deviations in the accounting treatment given to the reserves as prescribed by the scheme of amalgamation sanctioned under the statute as compared to the requirements of this Statement that would have been followed had no treatment been prescribed by the scheme.

    (c) The financial effect, if any, arising due to such deviation."
    The limited revisions come into effect in respect of accounting periods commencing on or after 1-4-2004. General Clarification (GC) - 4/2002, on AS 14, issued by the Accounting Standards Board, in June 2002, stands withdrawn from that date.

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