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Thread: Ministry of Textiles - Jute Sector

  1. #1
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    Thumbs up Ministry of Textiles - Jute Sector

    Ministry of Textiles


    THE JUTE AND JUTE TEXTILES INDUSTRY


    The Jute Textiles Industry occupies an important place in the national economy. It is one of the major industries in the eastern region, particularly in West Bengal. It supports nearly 4 million farm families, besides providing direct employment to about 2.6 lakh industrial workers and livelihood to another 1.4 lakh persons in the tertiary sector and allied activities. The production process in the Jute Industry goes through a variety of activities, which include cultivation of raw jute, processing of jute fibres, spinning, weaving, bleaching, dyeing, finishing and marketing of both, the raw jute and its finished products. The Jute Industry is labour intensive and as such its labour-output ratio is also high in spite of various difficulties being faced by the industry. Capacity utilization of the industry is around 75 per cent. These apart, the jute industry contributes to the export earnings to the tune of nearly Rs. 1200 crores annually.

    There are 77 composite jute mills in India, of which 60 jute mills are located in West Bengal, 3 each in Bihar and U.P., 7 in Andhra Pradesh and 1 each in Assam, Orissa, Tripura and Chattisgarh. Ownership- wise division is: 6 mills are under Government of India, 1 mill (Tripura) is under State Government, 2 mills (Assam & New Central) are in the co-operative sector, and 68 are in private sector.

    As on 1st January, 2008 total number of looms installed in jute industry stood at 47,504, consisting of 23,955 Hessian looms, 21,294 sacking looms, 1,148 C.B.C looms and others at 1071. The installed spindles in jute mills, other than 100% export oriented units, were 724,326 comprising of 619,050 fine spindles and 105,276 coarse spindles. As on 1st January, 2008, installed spindles in 100% export oriented units stood at 13,628, with fine spindles at 10,400 and coarse spindles at 3,228. The maximum installed capacity in jute mills, other than 100% export oriented units (on the basis of 320 working days per year and as per revised JMDC Norms 2005 ), is estimated at 2.56 million tonnes per annum.

    In exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (1) of Section 3 of the Jute Packaging Materials (Compulsory Use in Packing Commodities) Act, 1987, Ministry of Textiles issued Notification dated 1st September, 2008, stipulating that 100% foodgrains and sugar to be compulsorily packed in jute packaging material. The Notification came into effect from 1st July, 2008 and remained valid upto June 30, 2009.

  2. #2
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    Thumbs up Jute Sector - Export Performance.

    Jute Sector


    EXPORT PERFORMANCE

    On the basis of despatches of jute goods for export based on the returns of jute mills, Cumulative export during April-March 2009 (2008-09), which is currently estimated at about Rs.10,661 Million equivalent to about US$ 234 Million, is lower by 10% in Indian Rupees and by 20% in average dollar terms as compared to the same period of April-March 2008 (Rs.11,785 Million/US$ 293 Million).

    This declining trend in cumulative exports in value terms has been mainly attributable to decline in exports of Hessian by 58%. However, in value terms Sacking increased by 54%, yarn by 2% JDPs by 30% and others by 17% during 2008-09 as compared to corresponding period of period of previous year (2007-08).

    The market feedback report reveals that during March 2009, most shipments were restricted to earlier transactions only. Overseas business remained dull, during the period under report. There had been non-existence of fresh enquiries. This is attributable to world wide economic crisis.

    Govt. of India in the Ministry of Textiles fixed export target of jute goods for 2008-09 at minimum 20% growth over the achievement during 2007-08. In 2007-08, export of jute goods as published by DGCI&S was Rs.11,785 million equivalent to US$ 293 million. Thus, export target during 2008-09 worked out to Rs.14,142 million in INR and US$ 352 million. Going by the estimated exports during 2008-09, the achievement works out to 75% in INR and 66% in dollar terms of the target.

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    Thumbs up Jute Sector - Import Of Jute Goods.

    Jute Sector


    IMPORT OF JUTE GOODS

    During 2008-09, the volume of import of jute goods stood at 71 thousand M.T.valued at Rs.203 crores against 58. thousand MT valued at Rs.138 crores in 2007-08.This implies a rise of 23% in terms of quantity and 47% in value terms over 2007-08. The volume of import of raw jute during 2008-09 stood at 59 thousand M.T. valued at Rs.89 crores as against 172 thousand M.T. valued at Rs.197 crores during 2007-08. Thus import of raw jute both in terms of quantity and value have declined by 66% and 51%, respectively.

    Trend in import of jute goods and raw jute is at table 6.6.

    QTY : 000MT
    Value: Rs./Crores

    (April-
    March)
    2004-2005 2005-2006 2006-2007 2007-2008 2008-09
    ITEM Qnty Value Qnty Value Qnty Value Qnty Value Qnty Value
    Raw
    Jute
    85.98 89.97 136.22 189.77 94.36 150.31 171.80 196.72 59.04 89.00
    Jute
    Products
    32.17 70.74 77.02 175.56 60.93 171.63 57.69 138.09 70.94 202.99
    Total 116.15 160.71 213.24 362.33 155.2 321.94 229.49 334.81 129.98 291.99
    %age over last year 0.4% 22% 80% 126% -27% -11% 48% 4% -43% -13%

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    Thumbs up Jute Sector - Development And Regulatory Organisations In Jute Sector.

    Jute Sector


    DEVELOPMENT AND REGULATORY ORGANISATIONS IN JUTE SECTOR

    (a) Organisations under Ministry of Textiles

    Jute Manufactures Development Council (JMDC)


    The Jute Manufactures Development Council (JMDC) is a Statutory Body constituted under the JMDC Act, 1983, under the Chairmanship of Secretary(Textiles) on May 1, 1984, with the objective to increase efficiency and productivity in the jute industry, and the financing of activities for such development and for matters connected therewith. JMDC has been delegated all functions related to Export Promotion in the jute sector and mandated to perform other such activities in the domestic market of jute sector as are performed by a Commodity Board. The activities of the Council are funded through grants from the proceeds of Cess on the production on jute levied under the Jute Manufactures Cess Act,1983, by the Government.

    The Govt. of India, through a Gazette Notification dated June 14, 2007, reconstituted the Jute Manufactures Development Council for a period of two years w.e.f. May 21, 2007.

    JMDC website is www.jmdcindia.com
    Last edited by ca_news; 16-06-2011 at 05:57 PM.

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    Thumbs up Jute Sector - National Centre For Jute Diversification (NCJD).

    Jute Sector

    National Centre For Jute Diversification (NCJD)

    The National Centre for Jute Diversification (NCJD) was registered in January 1992, under the Societies Registration Act, 1860, and established in June, 1994, under the Chairmanship of Secretary (Textiles) to give focused attention to the diversification efforts in the jute sector. NCJD is required to consolidate R&D results of various Institutes in jute and textiles and transfer these to the entrepreneurs for commercial production. It co-ordinates with various agencies and helps the entrepreneurs in arranging technical, financial, and infrastructural support and encourages them to take up production and marketing of jute diversified products.

    The Council of Governors of NCJD is reconstituted every two years. The last Council was reconstituted on June 11, 2007. It consists of 25 members, drawn from various sectors like Jute Entrepreneurs, Banking and the Government. NCJD is implementing schemes for development of the Jute-diversified sector and to provide backward and forward linkages to new and budding entrepreneurs, NGOs and women’s groups.
    Last edited by ca_news; 16-06-2011 at 06:01 PM.

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    Thumbs up Jute Sector - Office of Jute Commissioner.

    Jute Sector

    Office of Jute Commissioner

    The office of Jute Commissioner is a subordinate office of Ministry of Textiles. It is a regulatory body to implement the Jute Packaging Materials (Compulsory Use in Packaging Commodities) Act 1987 and provisions of Jute and Jute Textiles Control Order 2000 (issued under Essential Commodities Act 1955). Jute Commissioner is the legal authority prescribed in these statutes. The Jute Commissioner attends to production, distribution for domestic consumption and exports and development of jute as well as jute products.

    Important functions of the Jute Commissioner office include-

    • Implementation of the Jute Packaging Materials (Compulsory Use in Packaging Commodities) Act 1987.

    • Issues Production Control Orders (PCO) under Jute & Jute Textiles Control Order 2000, on jute mills for supply of B.,Twill bags to Government agencies (DGS&D) and FCI.

    • Fixation of MSP of raw jute for different areas and grades on reports of Commission on Agricultural Costs and Prices.

    • Fixation of monthly price of B.Twill Jute bags based on Tariff Commission’s Report.

    • Review of projects undertaken by Indian Jute Industries Research Association(IJIRA) and other R&D institutions and recommending for approval by Ministry of Textiles.

    • Supervision and coordination of Government of India schemes for modernization of jute industry, such as Jute Technology Mission, TUFS (Technology Up-gradation Fund Scheme) etc.

    • Assisting in formulation as also revision of productivity norms for jute industry which will indicate norms of production, wastages, raw jute inputs, power requirement of jute products.

    • To analyze trends in production, consumption, supplies, prices etc of raw jute and jute goods and to transmit reports/returns to different Government bodies, RBI, FAO Rome, International Jute Study Group (IJSG) Dhaka.

    • To prepare reports and notes periodically on economic aspects of the Government policies, schemes relevant in jute sector including fiscal incentives, monitoring performances of implementing agencies.

    • Collection, compilation and maintenance of statistical data of opening stocks, production, domestic consumption, exports, imports, closing stocks and prices of raw jute and jute goods and transmission of consolidated reports to Ministry of Textiles, CSO, RBI FAO, IJSG etc.

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    Thumbs up Jute Sector - International Jute Study Group (IJSG).

    Jute Sector

    (b) Other Organisations supported by Ministry of Textiles in Jute Sector

    International Jute Study Group (IJSG):


    The International Jute Study Group (IJSG) is an intergovernmental body set up under the aegis of UNCTAD to function as the International Commodity Body (ICB) for Jute, Kenaf and other Allied Fibres.

    The IJSG was set-up to succeed the erstwhile International Jute Organisation (IJO), which entered into the liquidation mode in the year 2000. It formally entered into force on and from 27 April 2002 with the completion of the process of Definitive Acceptance/Acceptance by Governments of Bangladesh, India, Switzerland, and the European Community representing its 27 member countries and representing over 60% jute trade (import and export). The IJSG administers the provisions of the successor Agreement on Jute and Jute products, 2002 adopted by the United Nations.

    Since its inception, two officers from Government of India have been elected as Secretary General of the Organisation. Shri T. Nandakumar, was elected as its first Secretary-General in 2002, and thereafter, the Council of the IJSG in its eighth meeting held on May 2-3,2007, appointed Shri Sudripta Roy, as Secretary General, IJSG for a period of two years with effect from September 6, 2007.

    IJSG Website is www.jute.org.
    Last edited by ca_news; 16-06-2011 at 06:13 PM.

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    Thumbs up Jute Sector - Indian Jute Industries Research Association (IJIRA).

    Jute Sector

    Indian Jute Industries Research Association (IJIRA), Kolkata

    The Indian Jute Industries Research Association (IJIRA), Kolkata, registered under West Bengal Societies Registration Act, 1961, is an autonomous Co-operative Research Organization promoted by Indian Jute Mills Association. The Ministry of Textiles supports IJIRA through grants and projects.

    Objectives of IJIRA are-

    (i) To promote Research and other scientific work concerned with the jute trade and industries allied with or accessory thereto;
    (ii) To establish and maintain laboratories and faster education of persons engaged in or likely to be engaged in the said trade and industry;
    (iii) To examine and publish information regarding the nature and merits of inventions, improvements materials and designs connected with the said traders of industries.

    The R&D activities and technology transfer programme of IJIRA have helped to improve the productivity, product quality and cost viability of the organized jute mills and also the SMEs in the jute sector.

    IJIRA has been maintaining Regional Centres at Shantipur (West Bengal), Guwahati (Assam) and Vizianagram (Andhra Pradesh) for strengthening the locally growing jute related activities.

    IJIRA website is www.ijira.org

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    Thumbs up Jute Sector - Institute of Jute Technology (IJT).

    Jute Sector

    Institute of Jute Technology (IJT), Kolkata.


    The Institute of Jute Technology (IJT) was established by Govt.of West Bengal as a Society registered under West Bengal Societies Registration Act at for development of Technologists for the Jute Sector. The Institute offers four year B.tech. Degree course in Jute Technology Jute & Fiber Technology and four semester M.Tech Course in Technical Textiles Technology. It also offers Junior level Supervisor course for the jute industry.

    IJT also conducts different short term training programmes for technical personal and workmen in the jute industry and decentralised sector. It also conducts research under sponsorship of various national and International bodies.

    IJT is funded by Ministry of Textiles Government of India through JMDC on the basis of five yearly memorandum of understanding.

    IJT website is http://www.ijtindia.org/

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    Thumbs up Jute Sector - Central Research Institute for Jute allied Fibres (CRIJAF) & National Institute for Research in Jute and Fiber Technology (NIRJFT)

    Jute Sector
    Central Research Institute for Jute allied Fibres (CRIJAF) & National Institute for Research in Jute and Fiber Technology (NIRJFT)

    CRIJAF & NIRJFT are registered societies promoted by Indian Council for Agricultural Research (ICAR) under Ministry of Agriculture. These institutes are primarily concern with research extension services and crop husbandry in respect of the jute plant. It conducts research and studies for improvement of yeld, quality and development of ecnomicaly viable and sustainable production technology and cropping system of jute and allied crops.

    CRIJAF website is www.crijaf.org; NIRJAFT website is www.nirjaft.res.in/

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