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Thread: Ministry of Textiles - Wool & Woollen Sector.

  1. #1
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    Thumbs up Ministry of Textiles - Wool & Woollen Sector.

    Ministry of Textiles

    THE WOOL AND WOOLLEN TEXTILES INDUSTRY

    1. Overview:

    The Wool and Woollen Textiles Industry is a rural based export oriented industry in which the organized sector, the decentralized sector, and the rural sector complement each other.This industry provides employment to 27 lakh workers in a wide spectrum of activities. The country is the seventh largest producer of wool and contributes 1.8% to total world production. The production of indigenous raw wool in 2006-07 was 45 million kgs. of the total production of raw wool, 5% is apparel grade, 85% carpet grade, and 10% coarse grade. The domestic produce is not adequate, therefore, the industry is dependent on imported raw material and wool is the only natural fibre in which the country is deficient.

    A small quantity of specialty fibre is obtained from Pashmina goats and Angora rabbits. There are 958 woollen units in the country, the majority of which are in the small scale sector. During the XIth Five Year Plan period, the Government is implementing the Integrated Wool Improvement & Development Programme (IWIDP), Quality Processing of Wool and Social Security Scheme for the growth and development of the wool and woolen industry in the country. The Programme is being administered by the Central Wool Development Board (CWDB), Jodhpur, through State Government Organizations/Non-governmental Organizations (NGOs).

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    Thumbs up Wool & Woollen Sector - Status.

    Wool & Woollen Sector

    2. Status:

    Table No. 1
    Total no. of existing units, including
    decentralized hosiery and shawl sector
    958
    Total no. of persons employed, including persons associated in sheep rearing and farming sector and weavers in carpet sector 27 lakh
    Total Production Rs. 8,500 Crore
    Total Investment Rs. 20,000 Crore
    (Excluding Carpet Sector)
    Total Imports Rs. 1,100.75 Crore*
    (upto Dec. 08)
    Total Exports Rs. 4,419.54** Crore
    (upto Dec. 08)

    *
    Woollen yarn & fabric, raw wool and woolen/synthetic rags.
    ** Woollen yarn fabric, made up set, RMG Wool, Carpet Handmade.

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    Thumbs up Wool & Woollen Sector - The Wool & Woollen Industry comprises organized and decentralized sectors.

    Wool & Woollen Sector

    3. The Wool & Woollen Industry comprises organized and decentralized sectors:

    (i) ORGANIZED SECTOR

    a) Composite Mills
    b) Combing Units
    c) Worsted and Non-Worsted Spinning Units
    d) Knitwear and Woven Garment Units
    e) Machine-made Carpet Manufacturing Units.

    (ii) DECENTRALIZED SECTOR

    a) Hosiery and Knitting Units
    b) Powerloom Units
    c) Hand-made Carpets, Druggets, and Namadahs units
    d) Independent Dyeing and Process Houses.

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    Thumbs up Wool & Woollen Sector - Raw Material.

    Wool & Woollen Sector
    4. Raw Material:

    The total wool production in India is not enough to meet the total requirement of raw wool for woolen industry. The bulk of Indian wool is of coarse quality and is used mostly in the hand-made carpet industry. Since indigenous production of fine quality wool required by the organized mills and decentralized hosiery sector is very limited, India depends almost exclusively on import.

    The quality of indigenous wool is coarse, brittle and is basically carpet grade wool mainly used in the spinning of wool and manufacturing of carpets. About 80% good quality indigenous wool goes into manufacturing of carpets, which alone is a major contributor to export earnings.

    a. Indigenous Production:

    YEAR QUANTITY (In Million Kg.)
    2001-2002 49.50
    2002-2003 50.50
    2003-2004 48.50
    2004-2005 44.60
    2005-2006 44.90
    2006-2007 45.20
    2007-2008 45.00

    (Source: Ministry of Agriculture, Department of Animal Husbandry)


    b. Import:

    i. Raw Wool (Merino/New-Zealand-Greasy/Scoured)

    YEAR QUANTITY (In Million Kg.)
    2001-2002 72.74
    2002-2003 73.65
    2003-2004 84.61
    2004-2005 84.76
    2005-2006 90.18
    2006-2007 99.62
    2007-2008 93.08
    2008-2009 (upto Dec. 08) 54.84

    (Source: DGCI&S, Kolkata)


    ii. Rags (Woollen/Synthetic):

    YEAR QUANTITY (In Million Kg.)
    2001-2002 38.14
    2002-2003 31.05
    2003-2004 72.31
    2004-2005 69.05
    2005-2006 103.03
    2006-2007 110.26
    2007-2008 92.47
    2008-2009 (upto Dec. 08) 66.82

    (Source: DGCI&S, Kolkata).
    Last edited by ca_news; 17-06-2011 at 06:30 PM.

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    Thumbs up Wool & Woollen Sector - Installed Capacity.

    Wool & Woollen Sector


    5. Installed Capacity:

    i.(a) Wool Combing : 30 Million Kg.
    (b) Synthetic Fibre Combing : 3.57 Million Kg.
    ii. Worsted spindles : 6.04 lakh
    iii. Non Worsted spindles : 4.37 lakh
    iv. Powerlooms : 7228
    v. (a) Machine-made carpets : 0.50 Mn. Sq. Meter
    (b) Hand-made carpets : 9 Mn. Sq. Meter

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    Thumbs up Wool & Woollen Sector - Wool Products.

    Wool & Woollen Sector

    6. Wool Products:

    Item
    Unit
    2005-06
    2006-07
    2007-08
    2008-09
    Worsted yarn Kg 53.00 58.00 60.00 N.A.
    Woollen yarn Kg 34.00 35.00 36.00 N.A.
    Wool tops Kg 33.00 35.00 37.00 N.A.
    Fabric (Woollen/ Worsted) Mtr 75.00 80.00 85.00 N.A.
    Shoddy yarn Kg 32.00 37.00 43.00 N.A.
    Blankets (Shoddy/ Woollen) Pcs 14.00 16.00 18.00 N.A.
    Shoddy fabrics Mtr 24.00 28.00 33.00 N.A.
    Knitwear/ woven wear goods Kg 16.00 17.50 19.00 N.A.
    Hand-made carpets Sq. Mtr 09.00 10.00 11.00 N.A.
    Machine-made carpets Sq. Mtr 00.50 00.50 00.50 N.A.

    (Source: IWMF, Mumbai)

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    Thumbs up Wool & Woollen Sector - CENTRAL WOOL DEVELOPMENT BOARD, JODHPUR.

    Wool & Woollen Sector



    CENTRAL WOOL DEVELOPMENT BOARD, JODHPUR

    The Central Wool Development Board, Jodhpur was constituted by the Government of India, Ministry of Textiles in 1987 with the primary objective of development of wool and woolen textiles in the country by undertaking programmes to support various wool development activities. The Board has undertaken various projects mainly in the wool growing states.

    For the XIth Five Year Plan, the Board has undertaken following schemes with some modifications and addition of the components under fully funded Central Sector Scheme to support different wool development activities and to provide support to the entire chain from shepherds to the end use of wool.

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    Thumbs up Wool & Woollen Sector - Integrated Wool Improvement & Development Programme (IWIDP).

    Wool & Woollen Sector

    Integrated Wool Improvement & Development Programme (IWIDP)

    The Integrated Wool Improvement & Development Programme (IWIDP), is being implemented at an estimated cost of Rs. 46 crore during the XI Five Year Plan period. It provides support to the Industry & Wool growers to qualitatively upgrade product and technology to enable them to get better returns for their products and get a larger share of the global market.

    The Programme has two main components:

    A. Improvement of Wool Fibre

    i) Sheep & Wool Improvement Scheme (SWIS)
    ii) Angora Wool Development Scheme
    iii) Pashmina Wool Development Scheme

    B. Human Resource Development & Marketing Activities

    During the XI Five Year Plan period, the Programme will cover 26 lakh sheep, set up 24 Multipurpose Extension Centres & 6 Rearing Farms and supply 26000 stud Rams for breed improvement under the SWIS component. So far, 22.00 lakh sheep had been covered, benefiting more than 20000 sheep breeders, 22000 stud Rams would be distributed and 3 Multipurpose Extension Centres have been set up under Programme. Apart from this, 10.70 lakh sheep was also given health care benefits for insurance purpose under non covered areas of SWIS. Due to these interventions the sheep breeders are getting Rs. 5/- to Rs. 10/- more for per kg. of wool.

    During 2009-10, 9.00 lakh new sheep will be covered, 9000 Rams will be distributed and Multipurpose Extension Centre and Sheep Breeding Farm will be established at an estimated cost of Rs. 1.6 crore. During Year 2008-09, 2 Common Facility Centre (CFC) were set up to provide pre loom facility at Kekri (Rajasthan) and Pathankot (Punjab) and 3 centres are proposed to be set up during 2009-10 in the state of Rajasthan, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Punjab & U.P. etc.

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    Thumbs up Wool & Woollen Sector - Welfare Measures.

    Wool & Woollen Sector

    Welfare Measures

    The Government have provided a strong welfare inputs to the woolen sector by introducing new schemes, viz., Shepherd and Sheep Insurance Scheme, during the XIth Five Year Plan. This scheme will cover 93,500 shepherds and 24 lakh sheep by 2012, at an estimated cost of Rs. 22.16 crore.

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    Thumbs up Wool & Woollen Sector - Sheep Breeder Insurance Scheme.

    Wool & Woollen Sector

    Sheep Breeder Insurance Scheme

    CWDB is implementing the Scheme is collaboration with the Life Insurance Corporation of India Ltd., to provide insurance coverage, as well as scholarship to 2 children of shepherd family studying in 9 to 12 standards @ Rs. 300/- per quarter per child, concomitant with the period of the insurance coverage. The scheme covers shepherd in the age group of 18 to 59 with an yearly contribution of Rs. 80/- by the shepherd, Rs. 150/- by Govt. of India and Rs. 100/- through Social Security Fund by LIC, towards the premium.

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