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Thread: Ministry of Water Resources - National Water Policy 2002.

  1. #11
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    Thumbs up National Water Policy 2002 - Financial and Physical Sustainability.

    National Water Policy 2002

    Financial and Physical Sustainability

    11. Besides creating additional water resources facilities for various uses, adequate emphasis needs to be given to the physical and financial sustainability of existing facilities. There is, therefore, a need to ensure that the water charges for various uses should be fixed in such a way that they cover at least the operation and maintenance charges of providing the service initially and a part of the capital costs subsequently. These rates should be linked directly to the quality of service provided. The subsidy on water rates to the disadvantaged and poorer sections of the society should be well targeted and transparent.

  2. #12
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    Thumbs up National Water Policy 2002 - Participatory Approach to Water Resources Management.

    National Water Policy 2002

    Participatory Approach to Water Resources Management

    12. Management of the water resources for diverse uses should incorporate a participatory approach; by involving not only the various governmental agencies but also the users and other stakeholders, in an effective and decisive manner, in various aspects of planning, design, development and management of the water resources schemes. Necessary legal and institutional changes should be made at various levels for the purpose, duly ensuring appropr iate role for women. Water Users’ Associations and the local bodies such as municipalities and gram panchayats should particularly be involved in the operation, maintenance and management of water infrastructures/facilities at appropriate levels progressively, with a view to eventually transfer the management of such facilities to the user groups/local bodies.

  3. #13
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    Thumbs up National Water Policy 2002 - Private Sector Participation.

    National Water Policy 2002

    Private Sector Participation

    13. Private sector participation should be encouraged in planning, development and management of water resources projects for diverse uses, wherever feasible. Private sector participation may help in introducing innovative ideas, generating financial resources and introducing corporate management and improving service efficiency and accountability to users. Depending upon the specific situations, various combinations of private sector participation, in building, owning, operating, leasing and transferring of water resources facilities, may be considered.

  4. #14
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    Thumbs up National Water Policy 2002 - Water Quality.

    National Water Policy 2002

    Water Quality

    14.1 Both surface water and ground water should be regularly monitored for quality. A phased programme should be undertaken for improvements in water quality.
    14.2 Effluents should be treated to acceptable levels and standards before discharging them into natural streams.
    14.3 Minimum flow should be ensured in the perennial streams for maintaining ecology and social considerations.
    14.4 Principle of ‘polluter pays’ should be followed in management of polluted water.
    14.5 Necessary legislation is to be made for preservation of existing water bodies by preventing encroachment and deterioration of water quality.

  5. #15
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    Thumbs up National Water Policy 2002 - Water Zoning.

    National Water Policy 2002

    Water Zoning

    15. Economic development and activities including agricultural, industrial and urban development, should be planned with due regard to the constraints imposed by the configuration of water availability. There should be a water zoning of the country and the economic activities should be guided and regulated in accordance with such zoning.

  6. #16
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    Thumbs up National Water Policy 2002 - Conservation of Water.

    National Water Policy 2002

    Conservation of Water

    16.1 Efficiency of utilisation in all the diverse uses of water should be optimised and an awareness of water as a scarce resource should be fostered. Conservation consciousness should be promoted through education, regulation, incentives and disincentives.

    16.2 The resources should be conserved and the availability augmented by maximising retention, eliminating pollution and minimising losses. For this, measures like selective linings in the conveyance system, modernisation and rehabilitation of existing systems including tanks, recycling and re-use of treated effluents and adoption of traditional techniques like mulching or pitcher irrigation and new techniques like drip and sprinkler may be promoted, wherever feasible.

  7. #17
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    Thumbs up National Water Policy 2002 - Flood Control and Management.

    National Water Policy 2002

    Flood Control and Management

    17.1 There should be a master plan for flood control and management for each flood prone basin.

    17.2 Adequate flood-cushion should be provided in water storage projects, wherever feasible, to facilitate better flood management. In highly flood prone areas, flood control should be given overriding consideration in reservoir regulation policy even at the cost of sacrificing some irrigation or power benefits.

    17.3 While physical flood protection works like embankments and dykes will continue to be necessary, increased emphasis should be laid on non-structural measures such as flood forecasting and warning, flood plain zoning and flood proofing for the minimisation of losses and to reduce the recurring expenditure on flood relief.

    17.4 There should be strict regulation of settlements and economic activity in the flood plain zones along with flood proofing, to minimise the loss of life and property on account of floods.

    17.5 The flood forecasting activities should be modernised, value added and extended to other uncovered areas. Inflow forecasting to reservoirs should be instituted for their effective regulation.

  8. #18
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    Thumbs up National Water Policy 2002 - Land Erosion by Sea or River.

    National Water Policy 2002

    Land Erosion by Sea or River

    18.1 The erosion of land, whether by the sea in coastal areas or by river waters inland, should be minimised by suitable cost-effective measures. The States and Union Territories should also undertake all requisite steps to ensure that indiscriminate occupation and exploitation of coastal strips of land are discouraged and that the location of economic activities in areas adjacent to the sea is regulated.

    18.2 Each coastal State should prepare a comprehensive coastal land management plan, keeping in view the environmental and ecological impacts, and regulate the developmental activities accordingly.

  9. #19
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    Thumbs up National Water Policy 2002 - Drought-prone Area Development.

    National Water Policy 2002

    Drought-prone Area Development

    19.1 Drought-prone areas should be made less vulnerable to drought-associated problems through soil-moisture conservation measures, water harvesting practices, minimisation of evaporation losses, development of the ground water potential including recharging and the transfer of surface water from surplus areas where feasible and appropriate. Pastures, forestry or other modes of development which are relatively less water demanding should be encouraged. In planning water resource development projects, the needs of drought-prone areas should be given priority.

    19.2 Relief works undertaken for providing employment to drought-stricken population should preferably be for drought proofing.

  10. #20
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    Thumbs up National Water Policy 2002 - Monitoring of Projects.

    National Water Policy 2002

    Monitoring of Projects


    20.1 A close monitoring of projects to identify bottlenecks and to adopt timely measures to obviate time and cost overrun should form part of project planning and execution.

    20.2 There should be a system to monitor and evaluate the performance and socio-economic impact of the project.

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