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Thread: Ministry of Water Resources - Status of Development.

  1. #11
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    Thumbs up Status of Development - Industrial Use.

    Status of Development

    Industrial Use

    A basic necessity of industrial development is adequate availability of water. The Second Irrigation Commission in their report of 1972 recommended a provision of 50 b.cu.m. for industrial purpose for the country as a whole. However, a recent assessment indicates that requirement for industrial use during 2000 AD will be about 30 b.cu.m. while it will rise to 120 b.cu.m by 2025 AD.

  2. #12
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    Thumbs up Status of Development - Inland Pisciculture.

    Status of Development

    Inland Pisciculture

    As a consequence of water resources development works, apart from the major objectives there has been development in various other sectors as well. Among them, development in inland fish production occupies a prominent place. During 1950-51, total inland fish production stood at 0.22 m.t. which by 1994-95 has gone upto 2.08 m.t. India has now the distinction of being the seventh largest producer of fish in the world and second largest producer of inland fish after China. Amongst the States, West Bengal is the highest producer followed by Andhra Pradesh and Bihar. These three States put together produce about 50 p[er cent of total inland fish production in the country, while West Bengal along accounts for about one third of the production.

  3. #13
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    Thumbs up Status of Development - Water Development and Health.

    Status of Development

    Water Development and Health

    While water is essential for sustenance of human life, it can as well create problems concerning human health being a carrier of vectors for diseases such as typhoid, cholera, diarrhoea, malaria, filariasis, shistosomiasis etc. if mismanaged. Water development projects have, however, contributed positively to the human health in the country.

    Among the human health benefits, the important one is improved diets resulting from an increased production of staple foods, new opportunity of growing fruits and vegetables and increased purchasing power for foods not produced by those on farm. Other nutrition improvement is due to development of pisciculture and better facilities for feeding and watering the domestic livestock which can also improve diet and income considerably. The development of water development projects not only enabled the country to overcome floods and drought but also have provided enough food and fibre for the ever increasing population.

    Water development projects have facilities in providing safe water for human consumption, considering scarcity of water now faced in most parts of the country.

    Almost all the projects implemented in the country provide water for domestic purpose although primarily some of the projects were not meant for this purpose. With 80-90 per cent precipitation accruing during monsoon only, it has become imperative to store water for domestic use. Water supply also has helped to keep populated areas clean and hygienic through better drainage and improved sanitation. Water supply has thus contributed in improvement of health.

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