Results 1 to 5 of 5

Thread: Ministry of Water Resources - International Cooperation - Bilateral.

  1. #1
    Super Moderator
    Join Date
    Mar 2010
    Location
    NEW DELHI
    Posts
    6,224

    Thumbs up Ministry of Water Resources - International Cooperation - Bilateral.

    Ministry of Water Resources

    International Cooperation
    Bilateral

    Indus Water Treaty

    Background

    At the time of independence, the boundary line between the two newly created independent countries i.e. Pakistan and India was drawn right across the Indus Basin, leaving Pakistan as the lower riparian. Moreover, two important irrigation head works, one at Madhopur on Ravi River and the other at Ferozepur on Sutlej River, on which the irrigation canal supplies in Punjab (Pakistan) had been completely dependent, were left in the Indian territory. A dispute thus arose between two countries regarding the utilization of irrigation water from existing facilities. Negotiations held under the good offices of International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (World Bank), culminated in the signing of Indus Waters Treaty in 1960. The Treaty was signed at Karachi by Field Marshal Mohammad Ayub Khan, the then President of Pakistan, Shri Jawaharlal Nehru, the then Indian Prime Minister and Mr. W.A.B. Illif of the World Bank on 19th September, 1960. The Treaty however is effective from 1st April, 1960 (Effective Date).

    Brief Provisions of Indus Waters Treaty 1960

    For full Text of the Indus Water Treaty 1960 click below.

    Main Text of Indus Water Treaty 1960


    Annexure - A

    Annexure - B

    Annexure - C

    Annexure - D

    Annexure - E

    Annexure - F

    Annexure - G

  2. #2
    Super Moderator
    Join Date
    Mar 2010
    Location
    NEW DELHI
    Posts
    6,224

    Thumbs up International Cooperation - Bilateral - The India-Nepal Treaty.

    International Cooperation


    Bilateral

    The India-Nepal Treaty


    Mahakali Treaty & Pancheshwar multipurpose project

    The Treaty on integrated Development of Mahakali River had been signed between the Government of India and Government of Nepal in February 1996, which came into force in June 1997 (Mahakali Treaty) . Pancheshwar Multipurpose Project on river Mahakali known as Sarda in India is the centrepiece of the Treaty. India- Nepal Joint Group of Experts (JGE) has been overseeing the physical and financial progress with respect to finalization of Joint Detailed Project Report of Pancheshwar Multipurpose Project. All the related field investigations have been completed and Detailed Project Report is to be finalized after resolving the pending issues, which are under discussion with Nepal. The project will have will have power, irrigation and incidental flood control benefits etc..

    Sapta Kosi High Dam multipurpose project and Sunkosi Storage cum
    diversion scheme

    As per the understanding reached between Government of India (GOI) and His Majesty's Government of Nepal (HMGN), it has been agreed to conduct joint investigations and other studies for the preparation of Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Sapta Kosi High Dam Multipurpose Project and Sun Kosi Storage-cum-Diversion Scheme to meet the following objectives in terms of fulfilling the requirement of both the countries from its development :-

    (i) Hydro Power Generation;
    (ii) Irrigation Development;
    (iii) Flood Control/ management; and
    (iv) Navigation.

    A Joint Team of Experts (JTE) consisting of experts from the both the countries was constituted in 1991 to finalize the modalities of investigation and method of assessment of benefits through joint studies / investigations. An Inception Report indicating the scope of work and studies required to be carried out for the finalisation of DPR of both the projects was prepared by the JTE which was approved by the Governments of both countries and the same is the guiding document for JPO-SKSKI, Biratnagar, Nepal. Joint Team of Experts so far had six meetings. Its 1st meeting was held in February, 1992 and its 6th meeting was held on 12 – 13 June 2005.

    The 2nd meeting of Joint Committee on Water Resources (JCWR) of both countries was held in October, 2004 and JCWR has given a directive to JPO-SKSKI to examine the likely constraints in the implementation of Kamala & Bagmati Multi Purpose Projects and prepare the Feasibility Report of Kamala Multi Purpose Project and Pre-feasibility Report of Bagmati Multi Purpose Project.

    The Joint Project Office (JPO) has been established at Biratnagar, Nepal on 17th August, 2004. JPO main office is located at Biratnagar, Nepal. It has two division offices located at Dharan and Janakpur. Dharan and Janakpur are about 40 Kms and 250 Kms., respectively from Biratnagar. Each Division has two Sub-divisions. Both the Sub-divisions of Dharan Division are located at Chatra which is about 20 kms from Dharan. The Sub-Division offices at Janakpur Division are located at Lahan and Katari. Lahan and Katari are at a distance of 50 kms and 60 kms respectively from Janakpur Division office. Besides, there is a Liaison Office at Kathmandu.

    269 meter high concrete/Rock fill dam on river Sapta Kosi with a dam toe underground power house with an installed capacity of 3000 MW at 50% load factor. A barrage on river Sapta Kosi about 8 km downstream of Sapta Kosi High Dam to re-regulate the water being released from the Sapta Kosi dam. Two canals, Eastern Chhatra Canal and Western Chhatra Canal, off-taking from the either bank from barrage site to provide water for irrigation both in Nepal and India. The Navigation through Kosi up to Kursela and also in the reservoir of Sapta Kosi dam.

    A Power Canal off-taking from Eastern Chatra Canal for conveying the water required for irrigation at existing Kosi barrage at Hanuman Nagar and also the water which may be required downstream of Hanuman Nagar barrage for the purpose of navigation. To utilize the head available between Chatra and Hanuman Nagar barrages for power generation, three canal Power Houses, each of 100 MW installed capacity are also proposed on power canal.

    Necessary cushion in storage capacity of Sapta Kosi High Dam would be provided to moderate the flood downstream of dam.

    Chatra Canal System would provide irrigation to large area in Nepal and India (especially in Bihar).

    Burhi Gandaki Hydro Electric Project:

    On the request of HMG Nepal agreement in principal has been reached between Indian and Nepal to take up field investigations and preparation of Detailed Project Report of 600 MW Burhi Gandaki Hydro Electric Project, the MOU for which is to be signed between the two sides. The draft MOU has been finalized by Ministry of Water Resources and has been forwarded to Ministry of External Affairs who have agreed to fund the scheme.

    Standing Committee On Inundation Problems:

    For dealing with the problems of inadvertent inundation caused by the construction of various works on rivers straddling the Indo – Nepal border, a Standing Committee on Inundation Problems (SCIP) between India and Nepal has also been functioning since 1986 with a view to identifying the problem areas and suggesting possible solutions on a continuing basis. Various issues relating to inundation problems near India – Nepal border have been discussed & decisions taken therein from time to time for needful action in the matter.

    Sub Committee on Embankment Construction (SCEC):

    In order to solve the problem of inundation due to Lalbakeya, Kamla, Bagmati and Khando rivers, it was decided to extend embankments along these rivers in Indian Territory upto Nepal and tie to high ground in Nepal. This Project has been taken up in Nepal with financial assistance from India. The work on the embankments on Lalbakeya has been completed and the same is in progress along river Bagmati.

    The India — Nepal Joint Sub Committee on Embankment Construction is looking into planning. design and construction of embankments. Funds to HMG/Nepal are provided by Ministry of External Affairs on the recommendations of SCEC. The 6th meeting was held from 13th June to 17th June 2004. The seventh meeting of SCEC was held during 5 – 7th May 2005 wherein it was decided among other things to release 3rd installment among to Rs. NRs. 4.40 crore to HMG Nepal. Ministry of External Affairs in June 2005 has released NRs. 4.40 crore to Department of Water Induced Disaster Prevention, HMGN, towards release of third installment for construction of embankment along Bagmati river in Nepal.

    Flood Forecasting And Warning System On Rivers Common To India &
    Nepal

    A plan scheme namely, “Flood Forecasting and Warning System on rivers common to India and Nepal” which has 42 meteorological / hydrometric sites in Nepalese territory is in operation since 1989. A Joint India- Nepal Committee on Flood Forecasting (CFF) was setup in April, 2001 to review the existing flood forecasting system and prepare a Flood Forecasting Master Plan (FFMP). The Master Plan was also to include the upgrading of data transmission system and exchange of hydrological and meteorological data for an integrated flood management. The Committee has so far held three meetings in which among other issues the draft FFMP has also been finalized wherein the number of stations are proposed to be increased from 42 to 47. Further for qualitative improvement of flood forecasting in Indian side, the Nepalese side has also agreed to transmit hydrological data in respect of the 5 key stations located on rivers Ganga, Kosi, Rapti, Bagmati and Mahananda twice a day.

    Joint Committee on Water Resources

    In order to have interaction at higher level pertaining to the cooperation in the field of Water Resources, including implementation of various agreements and understandings, a Nepal – India Joint Committee on Water Resources (JSCWR) headed by Water Resources Secretaries of both the countries is functioning with the mandate to act as an Umbrella Committee of all committees and groups.

  3. #3
    Super Moderator
    Join Date
    Mar 2010
    Location
    NEW DELHI
    Posts
    6,224

    Thumbs up International Cooperation - Bilateral - Indo - Bangladesh Cooperation.

    International Cooperation

    Bilateral

    Indo - Bangladesh Cooperation

    An Indo-Bangladesh Joint Rivers Commission (JRC) is functioning since 1972 with a view to maintain liaison in order to ensure the most effective joint effort in maximizing the benefits from common river systems which is headed by Water Resources Ministers of both the countries. 35th meeting of the JRC was held at New Delhi from 29th September to 1st October 2003 wherein various matters pertaining to cooperation in Water Resources sector with Bangladesh were discussed.

    A new chapter in the Indo-Bangladesh relations opened up with signing of a Treaty by the Prime Ministers of India and Bangladesh on 12th December 1996 on the sharing of Ganga/Ganges waters. The Treaty shall remain in force for a period of thirty years to be renewable by mutual consent. For monitoring the implementation of the Treaty, a Joint Committee has been set up. During the current year the Committee met three times and observed that Joint measurements on Ganga at Farakka (India) and Ganges at Hardinge Bridge (Bangladesh) during lean season (Jan-May 2005) had been held to the satisfaction of both the countries.

    Discussions have been continuing with Bangladesh for sharing of waters of Teesta river. For this purpose the Joint Rivers Commission had constituted a Joint Committee of Experts JCE) which is headed by Water Resources Secretaries of both the countries. The JCE has so far held 7 meetings. The JCE has constituted a Joint Technical Group (JTG) to discuss and examine all pending issues and come up with recommendations on the draft of the terms of reference for the Joint Scientific Study to assess the availability and requirement of waters of Teesta and also for the draft of the interim agreements for sharing of the lean season Teesta flows between the two countries. In this connection 4th meeting of JTG was held at Dhaka on 17th and 18th January, 2005.The report of JTG will be placed before the next meeting of JCE.

    The existing system of transmission of flood forecasting data on major rivers like Ganga, Teesta, Brahmaputra and Barak during the monsoon season from India to Bangladesh was continued. The transmission of flood forecasting information from India during the monsoon has enabled the Civil and Military authorities in Bangladesh to shift the population affected by flood to safer places.

  4. #4
    Super Moderator
    Join Date
    Mar 2010
    Location
    NEW DELHI
    Posts
    6,224

    Thumbs up International Cooperation - Bilateral :- India - China Co-Operation.

    International Cooperation

    Bilateral


    India - China Co-Operation

    The main rivers originating from China entering into India are Brahmaputra in the North East and Indus & Sutlej in the Northern Part of the country. In the year 2002, the Government of India had entered into an MoU with China for provision of Hydrological information on Yaluzangbu/Brahmaputra River in flood season by China to India. In accordance with the provisions contained in the MoU, the Chinese side provided hydrological information (Water Level, Discharge and Rainfall) in respect of three stations, namely, Nugesha, Yangcun and Nuxia located on river Yaluzangbu/Brahmaputra from 1st June to 15th October every year, which was utilized in the formulation of flood forecasts by the Central Water Commission. This MoU expired in 2007.

    A new Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) upon Provision of Hydrological information of the Brahmaputra /Yaluzangbu river in flood season by China to India with a validity of five years has been signed with China on 5th June 2008 during the visit of Hon’ble External Affairs Minister of India to Beijing from June 4-7, 2008. China has provided the hydrological data of the three stations during the monsoon of 2010.

    Another Memorandum of Understanding has been signed during the visit of the Chinese Premier to India in April 2005 for supply of hydrological information in respect of Sutlej (Langquin Zangbu) in flood season. Chinese side is providing hydrological information in respect of their Tsada station on river Sutlej (Langquin Zangbu). A new MoU on supply of flood season hydrological information on River Sutlej has been agreed in August 2010 by both the countries for signature by the two countries.

    The Hon’ble President of the People’s Republic of China paid a state visit to the Republic of India from November 20-23, 2006. During the visit, it is was agreed to set up an Expert-Level Mechanism to discuss interaction and cooperation on provision of flood season hydrological data, emergency management and other issues regarding trans-border rivers as agreed between them. Accordingly, the two sides have set up the Joint Expert Level Mechanism. The Expert Group from Indian side is led by Joint Secretary level officers.

    The first meeting of the Joint Expert Level Mechanism was held on September 19-21, 2007 at Beijing wherein the issues related to bilateral cooperation on exchange of hydrological information between the two countries were discussed. The 2nd meeting of Expert Level Mechanism (ELM) on trans-Border Rivers was held at New Delhi from 10-12th April 2008. During the meeting, work regulations of the Expert Level Mechanism were agreed and signed by the two sides. It has been agreed that the Expert Level Mechanism shall meet once every year, alternatively in China and India. The third meeting of Expert Level Mechanism (ELM) was held at Beijing from 21st to 25th April 2009 which helped in understanding of each other’s position for smooth transmission of flood season hydrological data. The 4th meeting of ELM was held from 26-29 April, 2010 at New Delhi wherein implementation plan on provision of Hydrological information on Yaluzangbu/Brahmaputra River in flood season by China to India was signed between the two countries.

  5. #5
    Super Moderator
    Join Date
    Mar 2010
    Location
    NEW DELHI
    Posts
    6,224

    Thumbs up International Cooperation - Bilateral - India-Bhutan Cooperation.

    International Cooperation

    Bilateral

    India-Bhutan Cooperation

    During 1955, the Ministry of External Affairs (MEA), Govt. of India had sponsored a scheme for the purpose of flood warning measures in Bhutan. Accordingly, 19 Nos. of rain gauge stations and 8 Nos. of wireless stations were set up under the control of MEA and subsequently handed over to Royal Government of Bhutan. In July 1979, it was decided that a separate scheme may be drawn for setting up flood forecasting system on rivers common to India and Bhutan run by Ministry of Water Resources in Bhutan for the development of mutual cooperation between the two countries in the field of Hydro-meteorological data collection and flood forecasting activities on rivers common to Indian and Bhutan. Accordingly, the network was expanded to include more stations on common rivers under the funds provided by Ministry of Water Resources, Govt. of India.

    The present network in Bhutan comprises of 33 hydro-meteorological sites in the catchments of rivers Puthimari, Pagladiya, Sankosh, Manas, Raidak and Torsa, Raidak, Aie & Jaldhaka in Bhutan. These hydro-meteorological/ meteorological stations are being maintained by the Royal Government of Bhutan with funding from India.

    The data received from these stations are utilized in India by the Central Water Commission for formulating flood forecasts. A Joint Expert Team (JET) consisting of officials from the Government of India and Royal Government Bhutan continuously reviews the progress and other requirements of the network. Joint Expert Team (JET) on Indian side is led by Chief Engineer, Brahmaputra & Barak Basin (B&BB), CWC, Shillong. JET has so far met 25 times since its reconstitution in 1992.

    The matter relating to problem of floods created by the rivers originating from Bhutan and coming to India was taken up with the Royal Government of Bhutan. A Joint Group of Expert (JGE) on Flood Management has been constituted between India and Bhutan to discuss and assess the probable causes and effects of the recurring floods and erosion in the southern foothills of Bhutan and adjoining plains in India and recommend to both Governments appropriate and mutually acceptable remedial measures. Two meetings of JGE have been held so far. The first meeting of JGE was held in Bhutan from 1st to 5th November, 2004 and the second meeting was held on feb., 26-27, 2008 at New Delhi. Government of India is taking up the matter to fix up the 3rd meeting of JGE.

    In accordance with the decision taken during the first meeting of JGE, a joint Technical Team (JTT) on Flood Management between the two Countries was constituted. JTT held its first meeting in April, 2005 and submitted its report in January, 2006. The report of JTT was considered in the 2nd meeting of JGE. JGE reconstituted JTT with Chief Engineer, CWC, Shillong as its team leader (Indian Side). The 1st meeting of reconstituted JTT was held in Bhutan on 13-16 September, 2010.

Tags for this Thread

Bookmarks

Posting Permissions

  • Register / Login to post new threads
  • Register / Login to post replies
  • Register / Login to post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts
  •