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Thread: Ministry of Water Resources - International Cooperation - International.

  1. #1
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    Thumbs up Ministry of Water Resources - International Cooperation - International.

    Ministry of Water Resources

    International Cooperation

    International

    The Hague Declaration

    The Hague declaration on the environment was done at Hague on March 11, 1989 and it was signed by representatives of the following twenty four states:

    Australia, Brazil, Canada, Cote d'Ivoire, Egypt, France, Federal Republic of Germany, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kenya, Malta, Norwey, New Zealand, the Netherlands, Senegal, Spain, Sweden, Tunisia, Venezuela, and Zimbabwe.

    The right to live is the right from which all other rights stem Guaranteeing this right is the paramount duty of those in charge to all States throughout the World.

    Authoritative scientific studies have shown the existence and scope of considerable dangers linked in particular to the warming of the atmosphere and to the deterioration of the ozone layer.

    According to present scientific knowledge, the consequences of these phenomena may well jeopardize ecological system as well as the most vital interests of mankind at large.

    Because the problem is planet-wide in scope, solutions can only be devised on a global level.

    Most of the emissions that affect the atmosphere at present originate in the industralised nations. And it is in these same nations that the room for change is greatest, and these nations are also those which have the greatest resources to deal with this problem effectively:

    The International community and especially the industralized nations have special obligation to assist developing countries which will be very negatively affected by changes in the atmosphere although the responsibility of many of them for the process may only be marginal today.

    Financial institutions and development agencies, be they international or domestic, must coordinate their activities in order to promote sustainable development.
    The Hague declaration reads as follows:

    Without prejudice to the international obligations of each State, the signatories acknowledge and will promote the following principles:

    • The principle of developing, within the framework of the United Nations, new institutional authority, either by strengthening existing institutions or by creating a new institution which, in the context of the preservation of the earth's atmosphere, shall be responsible for combating any further global warming of the atmosphere and shall involve such decision making procedures as may be effective even if, on occasion, unanimous agreement has not been achieved.
    • The principle that this institutional authority undertake or commission the necessary studies, be logical information - including facilitation of access to the technology needed - develop instruments and define standards to enhance or guarantee the protection of the atmosphere and monitor compliance herewith
    • The principle of appropriate measures to promote the effective implementation of and compliance with the decisions of the new institutional authority, decisions which will be subject to control by the International Court of Justice
    • The principle that countries to which decisions taken to protect the atmosphere shall prove to be an abnormal or special burden, in view, inter-alia of the level of their development and actual responsibility for the deterioration of the atmosphere, shall receive fair and equitable assistance to compensate them for bearing such burden. To this end mechanisms will have to be developed


    • The negotiation of the necessary legal instruments to provide an effective and coherent foundation, institutionally and financially, for the aforementioned principles.

    The Heads of State and Government or their representatives, who have expressed their endorsement of this Declaration by placing their signatures under it, stress their resolve to promote the principles thus defined by:

    • furthering the development of their initiative within the United Nations and in close coordination and collaboration with existing agencies set up under the auspices of the United Nations
    • inviting all States of the world and the international organisations competent in this field to join in developing, taking into account studies by the IPCC, the framework conventions and other legal instruments necessary to establish institutional authority and to implement the other principles stated above to protect the atmosphere and to counter climate change, particularly global warming
    • urging all States of the world and the international organisations competent in this field to sign and ratify conventions relating to the protection of nature and the environment
    • calling upon all States of the world to endorse the present declaration.

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    Thumbs up International Cooperation - International - Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).

    International Cooperation

    International


    Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)

    The Food and Agriculture Organisation was founded in October 1945 with a mandate to raise levels of nutrition and standards of living, to improve agricultural productivity, and to better the condition of rural populations. Today, FAO is the largest autonomous agency with the United National system with 175 (Member Organisation) and more than 4300 staff members around the world.

    Since its inception, FAO has worked to alleviate poverty and hunger by promoting agricultural development, improved nutrition and the pursuit of food security the access of all people at all times to the food they need for an active and healthy life. The Organization offers direct development assistance, collects, analysis and disseminates information, provides policy and planning advice to governments and acts as an international forum for debate on food and agriculture issues.

    FAO is active in land and water development, plant and animal production, forestry, fisheries, economic and social policy, investment, nutrition, food standards and commodities and trade. It also plays a major role in dealing with food and agriculture emergencies.

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    Thumbs up International Cooperation - International - International initiatives in sustainable management of world water requirements.

    International Cooperation

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    International initiatives in sustainable management of world water requirements

    The UN-sponsored Conference on Water at Mar del Plata, Argentina in 1977 was the first step in the direction of improving international cooperation and coordination in the management of global water resources. Recognition of the need for an international water policy organisation grew and intensified in the 1980s and early 1990s.

    These principles were endorsed in 1992 at conferences on water and the environment, held in Dublin and Rio, respectively. As articulated in the Dublin Statement on Water and Sustainable Development, and Agenda 21, they stress that:


    • Fresh water is finite and vulnerable resource, essential to sustain life, development and the environment;
    • Water development and management should be based on a participatory approach, involving users, planners and policy-makers at all levels;
    • Women play a central part in the provision, management and safe guarding of water;

    Water has an economic value in all its competing uses and should be recognised as an economic good.

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    Thumbs up International Cooperation - International - World Water Council.

    International Cooperation

    International


    World Water Council

    In response to the decision of the Ministerial and Officials Conference on Drinking Water and Environmental Sanitation, held on March 19-23, 1994 in Noordwijk, the Netherlands, which has been endorsed by the Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD) and the General Assembly of the UN, to explore the concept of a World Water Forum, the International Water Resources Association (IWRA) at Cairo in 1994, authorized a Committee to carry out the preparatory work to create the World Water Council. This Committee met first in Montreal, Canada in March 1995 and for a second time in Bari, Italy in September 1995. These two meetings established the mission and objectives of the World Water Council and laid the groundwork for its organizational structure.

    Membership to the Council is open to any organisation with an interest in the area of water, ranging from Ministries and regional or local Government Departments, professional associations, research institutes and universities, private sector and industry, United Nations Organisations, developmental agencies and financial institutions, non-governmental agencies and media.

    The Council, as the International Water Policy Think Tank, aims at preparing a long term Vision and presenting various options for actions for decision makers at all levels. It will build its work on the examples of best practice and other experiences as obtained in the field by the GWP.

    The mission of the World Water Council is to:
    Promote awareness about critical water issues at all levels including the highest decision-making level and the general public, and to facilitate the efficient conservation, protection, development, planning, management and use of water in all its dimensions on a sustainable basis for the benefit of all life.

    To achieve this mission, the World Water Council shall:


    • identify critical water issues of local, regional and global importance on the basis of ongoing - assessment


    • promote suitable mechanism to raise awareness about critical water issues at all levels of -decision-making


    • facilitate arrangements for providing advice and relevant information to institutions and decision-making


    • sponsor programmes and actions to promote policies for comprehensive and integrated water resources planning and management and to contribute to the resolution of issues related to trans-boundary waters, including river and lake basins, aquifers and wetlands


    • assist in ensuring availability and accessibility of water of suitable quality for the poor and – disadvantage


    • promote the implementation of effective policies and strategies for integrated management of water demand and encourage appropriate actions by concerned organisations


    • provide the forum to arrive at a common strategic vision and platform to launch actions required for sustainable management of water resources world wide.

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    Thumbs up International Cooperation - International - Global Water Partnership (GWP).

    International Cooperation

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    Global Water Partnership (GWP)

    The GWP, in turn, will translate the global consensus on water management, as well as the options as presented by the Council, into field-based services to developing countries while developing a strategic action plan that would demonstrate the special role of the World Water Council.

    The Global Water Partnership (GWP) was formally established in August 1996. GWP asserts that to manage water sustainable for continued human development, the competing uses for water must be reconciled. This can occur only if the parties competing for fresh water share the mutual goal of appropriately adjusting their demands and engage in a dialogue on how to do so. Integrated Water Resources Management IWRM) is the means to reach this goal, and it aims to ensure the coordinated development and management of water, land, and related resources by maximizing economic and social welfare without comprising the sustainability of vital economic systems.

    GWP is an international network open to all organisations involved in water resources management: developed and developing country government institutions, agencies of the United Nations, bi-and multilateral development banks, professional associations, research institutes, NGOs, and the private sector. The partnership is funded by development cooperation agencies, so initial activities have focused on water issues in developing countries. Newly industrialized countries will be addressed within 1998, and in time, it is envisioned that developed countries will be addressed. A strategic plan that envisions the Partnership’s growth over the next five to ten years has been developed for annual review and distribution.

    GWP has four arms of governance: the Consultative Group, the Steering Committee, the Technical Advisory Committee, and the Secretariat. The GWP will


    • Support integrated water resources management by collaborating with governments and existing networks, and by forging new collaborative arrangements;
    • Encourage governments, aid agencies and other stakeholders to adopt consistent and complementary policies and programmes;
    • Build and reinforce mechanisms for sharing information and experience;
    • Develop innovative and effective solutions to problems common to integrated water resources management;
    • Suggest practical policies and good practices based on these solutions; and
    • Help match needs to available resources.

    By providing for a mechanism through which donors, the private sector, and water resources professionals can exchange information and needs, investments toward improved water infrastructure and management of it are more likely. GWP has identified two specific tools toward this end. A Financial Support Group (FSG) of donor agencies is being formed so that the donor community may work together to rationalise their financial support to the international priorities for water resources management, as identified by the GWP TAC. The FSG will also exist to provide a forum for debate among the donors about the criteria for their support to other (bilateral) water resources programmes. The FSG will meet annually, and their meetings will be open to all; only donor agencies may actively participate, however. Another major tool for professional exchange is the GWP Water Forum.

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    Thumbs up International Cooperation - International - World Water Forum (WWF).

    International Cooperation

    International


    World Water Forum (WWF)

    The World Water Council (WWC) in collaboration with Government of Morocco and several United Nations Organisations organised first World Water Forum from 19 - 24 March 1997 in the City of Markesh. The theme of the Forum was "Water: the World’s Common Heritage". The objective of the Forum were to raise the awareness of world leaders and decision makers with respect to global fresh water issues and to define for water management in the 21st century. In the Forum it was decided to develop the Vision for water, life and environment. The World Water Council was given the mandate to launch three-year initiative of study consultations and analysis in order to evolve the global vision.

    The Regional/National Visions are being prepared by consultations through stake holder’s participation at all levels. Ministry of Water Resources has been associated with the international regional consultations being held in various parts of the world for preparation of Indian Vision for water. The process is being coordinated by NGOs.

    Netherland is hosting Second World Water Forum of World Water Council. The Forum will be held from 17 - 22 March 2000 in The Hague. The theme of the Forum is "From Vision to Action". There will be two documents i.e. (i) the long term Vision on Water Life and the Environment in the 21st Century prepared by WWC and (ii) Framework for Action Development by Global Water Partnership. To raise the level of public awareness of the steps to be taken up to meet the world’s water challenges in 21st Century and to gain maximum political commitment to the implementation of the recommendations, the Netherland Government has also offered the World Water Council to organize a Ministerial Conference during the Forum. The Conference will be held on the 21 - 22 of March 2000 also in The Hague. In order to make preparation for the Ministerial Conference and International Preparatory Committee has been set up to guide the preparatory work and to gain in put to the programmatic aspects of the Conference. The IPC is charged with the preparation for the programme of the Ministerial Conference including a declaration. The first meeting of the IPC was held on 21 - 22 September 1999 at The Hague wherein Secretary (WR) participated. 23 other countries also participated in the Conference.


    International Commission on Irrigation & Drainage (ICID)

    International Commission on Irrigation & Drainage (ICID) was established on 24th June'1950 with its Head Quarter at New Delhi . ICID is a scientific,Technical and Non-Government International Organisation (NGO). The membership of the ICID is by countries and India is one of the eleven founder members.

    Starting with 11 founding member Countries in 1950, 88 Countries have Joined ICID to pool their efforts. Corrently 68 member countries have set up their National Committee to participate in the activity of ICID.

    Objects and Activities

    The Mission of ICID is to stimulate and promote the development and application of the arts, sciences and techniques of engineering, agriculture, economics, ecological and social sciences in managing water and land resources for Irrigation, drainage management and river training applications, including research and development and capacity building for achieving sustainable Irrigated agriculture.

    ICID strives to promote programs to enhance sustainable development of Irrigated agriculture. ICID was involved in the discussions leading to Agenda 21 which has become the focal point of several of its technical activities.

    In recognition of its significant contribution to the programs and objective of International Year of Peace proclaimed by the UN General Assembly, on 15 September 1987, ICID was Designated as a Peace Messenger by the UN Secretary General.

    Special Initiatives


    • Triennially, N D Gulhati Memorial International Award is presented at the time of congresses to a Young professional for the technical contribution in the field of Irrigation & Drainage.
    • Special Annual Watsave awards for technology management and for Young professionals who have made outstanding contribution to the conservation of water in Irrigation.
    • Annually Hassan Ismail Memorial Award is also presented to a Young professional for best paper in African context.

    International Commission on Irrigation and Drainage (ICID)
    48, Nyaya Marg, Chanakyapuri, New Delhi - 110021, INDIA
    Tel: 91-11-6116837, 4679532, 6115679; Fax ; 91-11-6115962
    E-mail: icid@vsnl.com,
    icoiad@giasdl01.vsnl.net.in
    Web Site : http://www.icid.org

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